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Fish Diseases and Treatments

steveb

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#1
Thought I would start a thread of factual information on the identification & treatment of some very common parasites and diseases that our finned friends often come with. Please add to this (verify source please). I also included a blurb on QT,FW bath, a what to have in your fish medicine cabinet and some online fish pharmaceutical companies in case something can't be found at one of our sponsors.

Amyloodinium ocellatum
Marine Velvet/Amyloodinium ocellatum: A Discussion of this Disease and its Available Treatment Options - Reefkeeping.com

https://www.google.com/search?q=Amy...qMIrE2QX45ei4Bw&ved=0CFkQsAQ&biw=1067&bih=487

Getting Acquainted with Amyloodinium ocellatum

Amyloodinium ocellatum (Marine Velvet) by Steve Norvich - Manhattan Reefs

Page not found - EDIS - Electronic Data Information Source - UF/IFAS Extension


Brooklynellosis
Brooklynellosis

Common Marine Fish Diseases (Cryptocaryon Irritans/Amyloodinium/Brooklynellosis)

Brooklynellosis (WetWebMedia)

Brooklynella hostilis and Uronema marinum | UltimateReef.Com


Marine Ich/Cryptocaryon Irritans
Marine Ich/Cryptocaryon irritans - A Discussion of this Parasite and the Treatment Options Available, Part I by Steven Pro - Reefkeeping.com

Marine Ich/Cryptocaryon irritans - A Discussion of this Parasite and the Treatment Options Available, Part II by Steven Pro - Reefkeeping.com

Aquarium Fish: News from the Warfront with Cryptocaryon irritans: Part One of Five — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

Aquarium Fish: News From The Warfront With Cryptocaryon Irritans, Part Two Of Five — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

Aquarium Fish: News From The Warfront With Cryptocaryon Irritans, Part Three Of Five — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

Aquarium Fish: News from the Warfront with Cryptocaryon irritans Part Four of Five — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

Aquarium Fish: News From The Warfront With Cryptocaryon irritans, Part Five Of Five — Advanced Aquarist | Aquarist Magazine and Blog

SeaScope Vol. 11, Summer 1994. Treatment of <i>Cryptocaryon irritans</i> in Aquaria


Mycobacterium marinum
Mycobacterium marinum: The Fish Disease You Could Catch by Steven Pro - Reefkeeping.com



Quarantine Everything
An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure: A Quarantine Tank for Everything by Steven Pro - Reefkeeping.com


Kelly Jedlicki’s fish medicine chest (Marine Depot Forums)

For dewormers: praziquantel, fenbendazole (panacur), piperazine (in that order of preference)

For external parasites: Formalin, copper - cupramine, methylene blue (good to use with freshwater dips).

For antibiotics: Nitrofurans, kanamycn, minocycline (maracyn-2), neomycin

Other helpful agents: Beta glucan, MS 222 (fish anesthetic), garlic

Make sure you keep track of expiration dates and keep them in a cool dry place.


Hikari makes a product called Prazi-Pro in which the active ingredient is Praziquantel.
Jungle makes a medicated food - "anti-parasitic" that contains praziquantel, metronidazole, and levamisole.
Gel-Tek makes a product called Ultra Cure PX: metronidazole, flubenol and praziquantel. (states contains fish pheromones which enhances feeding behavior).


I seldom if ever dose a QT with anything medications - only exception would be copper. I always prefer to do baths. Most medications do lose their potency when exposed to light and saltwater. Most will affect or totally wipe out the biological filtration - methylene blue being one that will wipe out the biological filtration.

I use the methylene blue in a freshwater dip (PH & Temp adjusted) before the fish is placed into a QT. The methylene blue does help eliminate some of the external parasites and does help with nitrite toxicity and oxygenation. I perform these baths for a minimum of 15 minutes but aim for 30 minutes.

I have not used the specific brand of methylene blue that you mentioned but the 2.3% strength is pretty "standard".

The recommended dose is 3.7 mg - 11.1 mg per gallon.....okay here is the math conversion (math geek coming out in meWink )

2% = 2 gm/100 ml

so that = 2000 mg/100 ml

so 1 ml = 20 mg ...... and 1/2 ml (0.5 ml) = 10 mg

So with your standard solution (~ 2% ) you would add roughly 0.19 ml to 0.55 ml per gallon of water.


Online Fish Meds
National Fish Pharmaceuticals

Fishman Chemical, LLC
 
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steveb

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Location
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#4
 
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